It is a congenital abnormality of unknown etiology related to malformed breast development that results in tubular appearance. The size of the deformity varies and can only affect one or both breasts.
There are usually hypoplastic (small) breasts with a disturbance in the base development (lower pole of the breast), a large areola and a relatively short distance between nipple and inframammary fold.
Tubular breast reconstruction is usually a complex procedure with placement of silicone implants and usually a simultaneous reduction of the areolar size. The procedure lasts about 2 hours under general anesthesia and requires an overnight hospital stay.